Different Types of Forklift Engines

If you’re in the market for a forklift, it’s a good idea to become familiar with the main types of forklift and what they’re used for. Forklifts are classified according to their function (order pickers, reach trucks, etc) but also in terms of the kind of engines they have. Here’s an overview of these five forklift engine types and their common application.

If you’re in the market for a forklift, it’s a good idea to become familiar with the main types of forklift and what they’re used for. Forklifts are classified according to their function (order pickers, reach trucks, etc) but also in terms of the kind of engines they have. They can be separated into two main categories: electric engine and IC (internal combustion) engine, but the IC category is further divided into four main types of IC engine -- diesel, LP gas / propane, CNG (compressed natural gas), and gasoline engine. Here’s an overview of these five forklift engine types and their common application.

 

Electric Engine

Most forklift sales these days are of electric forklifts. They’re not as powerful as diesel engines but they're very quiet, emission-free, and very easy to maneuver. They’re not great in rain, snow, or on rough terrain. For all these reasons they’re used primarily indoors. They’re powered by a large battery which weighs it down but also gives it a stable center of gravity. The battery takes many hours to recharge, so busy operators buy an extra battery to swap out.

 

INTERNAL COMBUSTION
 

Diesel Engine

Diesel forklifts are tough and strong. They can handle a lot of accessories, including hydraulics. On the downside, they emit a lot of noise and toxic fumes. For all these reasons they’re used mostly outdoors. Compared to electric forklifts, diesel models have a lot more fluids and moving parts to maintain. 

 

LP Gas / Propane Engine

Propane powered engines strike a middle ground between the electric and diesel engine. They’re much quieter and less noxious than diesel forklifts, and they’re better in rain and on rough terrain than electric forklifts. This makes them versatile enough for both indoor and outdoor use. 

 

CNG (Compressed Natural Gas) Engine

CNG forklifts are similar to LP forklifts but with a few differences. They burn cleaner. Their fuel tanks stay attached, so workers don’t have to lug them around. The disadvantage of CNG forklifts is that CNG fueling stations are large and expensive to set up and maintain, and require special permitting.

 

Gasoline Engine

Gasoline forklifts are similar to diesel but generally perform better in terms of speed, power and emissions. They aren’t common, however, because gasoline fueling stations are costly to set up and maintain. They’re best used in situations with a gasoline fueling station already on site or nearby. 

 

If you’re interested in forklift sales or rentals, come and talk to us at Ring Power Lift Trucks. For 60 years, our locally-owned and operated business has provided superior products and the newest technology in forklift vehicles, meeting or exceeding our customers’ expectations. With 14 convenient locations throughout Florida, Ring Power Corporation has become one of the largest Caterpillar® dealers in the Southeastern United States because of our dedication to customer service. Whether you need to buy a new or used forklift, or you’d prefer a short-term or long-term forklift rental, we’re here for you. We also supply forklift parts and service in north and central Florida for every make and model of forklift.  Call 877.544.5438 or visit our website for more information.

 

 

0
Feed

Leave a comment